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Tawheed & Istighfaar

Tawheed & Istighfaar

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shaykh ul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah Rahimahullaah said:

‘The state and matter of Istighfaar amongst the people of Tawheed and its connection with the testimony of La ilaha ila Allaah is firmly established.

For the first of them until the last of them and from the last of them to the first of them. From high to low.

The comprehensiveness of the state and matter of Tawheed and Istighfaar, applies to all of the creation and they, in relation to these situations are of different grades to Allaah. Every person having a grade which is known.

Therefore, the testimony of La ilaha ila Allaah (none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah) with truthfulness and certainty eliminates all of Shirk, a small and a large amount, that which is done mistakenly and intentionally, the first of it and the last of it, that done secretly and openly. That which appears upon all of its characteristics, that which it hides and its intricate details.

Istighfaar wipes out that which remains from its affects, it wipes out sin which is from the branches of Shirk. Indeed all sins are from the branches of Shirk.

So Tawheed eliminates the foundation of Shirk, and Istighfaar wipes out its branches.

*فأبلغ الثناء قول: لا إله إلا الله*.

The most expressive praise is the statement of La ilaha ila Allaah.

*وأبلغ الدعاء قول: أستغفر الله*”.

The most expressive of Dua is the statement of Astaghfirullaah (I seek forgiveness from Allaah).’

[Majmoo al-Fatawa 11/697]

*شمول دائرة والاستغفار*
*للخلق كلهم*

قال شيخ الاسلام ابن تيمية رحمه الله:

“وقد ثبتت دائرة الاستغفار بين أهل التوحيد واقترانها بشهادة أن لا إله إلا الله من أولهم إلى آخرهم ومن آخرهم إلى أولهم ومن الأعلى إلى الأدنى

و شمول دائرة التوحيد والاستغفار للخلق كلهم، وهم فيها درجات عند الله، ولكلِ عاملٍ مقامٌ معلوم.
فشهادة أن لا إله إلا الله بصدق ويقين؛ تُذهب الشرك كله، دقه وجله، خطأه وعمده، أوله وآخره، سره وعلانيته، وتأتي على جميع صفاته وخفاياه ودقائقه.
والاستغفار يمحو ما بقي من عثراته، ويمحو الذنب الذي هو من شُعب الشرك؛ فإن الذنوب كلها من شُعب الشرك.

فالتوحيد يذهب أصل الشرك والاستغفار يمحو فروعه.
*فأبلغ الثناء قول: لا إله إلا الله*.
*وأبلغ الدعاء قول: أستغفر الله*”.

[مجموع الفتاوى ١١/ ٦٩٧]