The order in which events will occur on the Day of Judgement

The order in which events will occur on the Day of Judgement

Translated

By

Abbas Abu Yahya

By Shaykh Salih Alaa ash – Shaykh – Hafidhullaah – said :

‘That which the scholars of research from the people of knowledge have affirmed about the order in which events will occur on the Day of Judgement are as follows:

1 – When the people will be resurrected and stand up from their graves, they will go to the place of gathering (al-Hashr).  Then they will wait standing in the place of gathering, standing there for a very long time. Their situation/condition and thirst at that time will be very dire, they will be extremely fearful at that time due to standing for a long time and their certainty of being taken to account, and due to what Allaah will cause to take place.

It is recorded in the book ‘al-Hileeyah ‘ by Abu Na’eem from  Shaddad bin Aws from the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that Allaah Ta’ala said :

وَعِزَّتِي وَجَلاَلِي لاَ أَجْمَعُ لِعَبْدِي أَمْنَيْنِ وَلاَ خَوْفَيْنِ إِنْ هُوَ أَمِنَنِي فِي الدُّنْيَا أَخَفْتُهُ يَوْمَ أَجْمَعُ عِبَادِي وَإِنْ هو خافني في الدنيا أمنته يوم أجمع عبادي

‘I swear by My Honour and My Magnificence, I will not gather for My slave two situations of security or of fear.  If he thought he was secure from Me in the Dunyaa, I will make him feel fearful on the day I will gather all My slaves. If he was fearful of Me in the Dunyaa I will make him feel secure on the day I gather all My slaves.’

Al-Albaani -rahimahullaah – declared it to be Hasan in Saheeh al-Jama.

2 – When the standing on the Day of Judgement lengthens, the first matter which Allaah -Azza wa Jal – will raise for His Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – is his watering lake. The lake of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – will be on the plains where the people will be standing for judgement.

When their standing for the Lord of all that exists will become severe and difficult, on the day which is equivalent to fifty thousand years.
 Whoever died upon following the Messenger’s Sunnah, not changing it or innovating in it or replacing it; then the lake will be presented to him and he will be given drink from it.

Being given drink from the lake of our Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa  sallam– will be the first security. Then after that, the lake of every Prophet will be raised and the righteous of their Ummah will be given drink from it.

3 – After that, the people will stand for a very long time, after which the great intercession will take place – the intercession of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – whereby Allaah -Azza wa Jal – hastens the taking of account of the creation as is mentioned in the well-known long hadeeth in which the people ask Adam about the intercession then Nuh then Ibrahim etc. Then they come to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and they say to him: O Muhammad, and they describe their condition to him and request that he frees the people from the hardships by hastening the taking of account.

So due to this request, the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam intercedes for them with our Lord, then the Messenger says the words :

( أنا لها ، أنا لها )

‘I will intercede, I will intercede’.

The Prophet will come to the ‘Arsh and will fall into Sajda (prostration) and will praise Allaah  – Azza wa Jal – with those praises which Allaah -Azza wa Jal- has taught him, then Allaah will say:

يا محمد ارفع رأسك ، وسل تُعْطَ واشْفَعْ تُشَفَّعْ ،

‘O Muhammad raise your head, ask and you will be given, intercede and your intercession will be accepted.’

So, his great intercession will be in the hastening the taking of account.
4 – After that deeds will be presented.

5  – After the presenting of deeds,  will be the taking of account.

6 – After the first taking of account, the records of a person’s deeds will fly to him.

Therefore, the first taking of account is done when actions are presented; because at this time there will be a discussion and excuses are given by the creation.

The people of the right (the righteous) will be given their book on the right, the people of the left (the disobedient) will be given their book on the left, then there will be a reading of the book of one’s deeds.

7 – After the reading of the record of deeds, accounts will be taken however this time there will be no excuses given by the creation and the evidence will be established by the reading of the record of deeds.

8 –  After that, the scales will be brought forth, and the deeds will be weighed.

9 – Then after the weighing of the scales, the people will be divided into groups and pairs; by pairs it means every type gathered with its type.

Then the banners/ flags will be raised – the banners of the Prophets – the banner of Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, the flag/banner of Ibrahim, the flag of Musa etc.

The people will re-adjust themselves under the flags according to their religion, every type according to his category.

The oppressive and disbelievers will also gather in types, those who are similar to each other, as Allaah said:

( احْشُرُوا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا وَأَزْوَاجَهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ * مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ )

《(It will be said to the Angels): ‘Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions (from the devils) and what they used to worship. Instead of Allaah》[as-Saffat 22-23 ]

‘with their companions’ means their types and their counterparts. So the scholars of the Mushrikeen will be with the scholars of the Mushrikeen. The oppressive with the oppressive, those who denied the resurrection with those who denied the resurrection, and likewise.

10 – Then after this, Allaah – Azza wa Jal- will push darkness from the direction of the Hell-fire and Allaah’s refuge is sought, so the people will continue walking with the lights which they will have been given, this Ummah will continue with the hypocrites amongst them, and they will come to a well-known wall which will be placed in front of them:

فَضُرِبَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِسُورٍ لَهُ بَابٌ بَاطِنُهُ فِيهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَظَاهِرُهُ مِنْ قِبَلِهِ الْعَذَابُ () يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُنْ مَعَكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَى وَلَكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنْتُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّى جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ () فَالْيَوْمَ لَا يُؤْخَذُ مِنْكُمْ فِدْيَةٌ وَلَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مَأْوَاكُمُ النَّارُ هِيَ مَوْلَاكُمْ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ () الحديد/13-14. الآيات

《 So, a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and outside it will be torment.”
(The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in Faith); and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allaah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allaah.”

So this Day no ransom shall be taken from you (hypocrites), nor of those who disbelieved, (in the Oneness of Allaah Islaamic Monotheism). Your abode is the Fire, that is the proper place for you, and worst indeed is that destination.》[Hadid: 13-15]

However, Allaah -Azza wa Jal –  will give the believers Noor (light) so that they are able to see the path, as for the Munafiqoon (hypocrites) they will not be given any Noor (light). In fact, they will be with the disbelievers falling and stumbling into the Hell fire, as they walk in front of them will be the Hell-Fire and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

11 – Then the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – will come first and he will be on the bridge and he will ask for himself and his Ummah saying :

( اللهم سلّم سلم ، اللهم سلّم سلم ) ؛

‘O Allaah save us save us,  O Allaah save us save us. ‘

So the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – will cross it, and so will his Ummah, everyone will cross it with the amount of their deeds.

A person will also have with him light the equivalent to his deeds, then those whom Allaah -Azza wa Jal – has forgiven will continue along the bridge.

Allaah -Azza wa Jal – will cause to fall into the fire and punish whom He wills from those who are from the level of those who single out Allaah alone for worship [but are punished due to sins amassed.]

Then when they finish from the fire [having been taken out after being purified]; they will gather in the open areas in Paradise, the areas which Allaah -Azza wa Jal – has prepared, so that the people of Eemaan can settle their accounts with each other, and cancel out any hatred and malice until they enter Paradise and they have no hatred and malice in their hearts.

12 – Those who will be the first to enter Paradise after the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – will be the poor from the Muhajireen, the poor from the Ansaar, then the poor from the general Ummah, the wealthy will be delayed due to the taking of account which is between them and the creation and due to them being taken to account because of their wealth.’

[Summarised  from ‘Sharh at- Tahaweeyah’ (p.542) by Shaykh Salih Alaa ash -Shaykh]

ترتيب أحداث يوم القيامة:
كما قال الشيخ صالح آل شيخ حفظه الله :
” الذي قرَّرَهُ المحققون من أهل العلم أنَّ ترتيب ما يحصل يوم القيامة كالتالي :
1 – إذا بُعث الناس وقاموا من قبورهم ذهبوا إلى أرض المحشر ، ثم يقومون في أرض المحشر قياماً طويلا ، تشتد معه حالهم وظمؤُهُم ، ويخافون في ذلك خوفاً شديداً ؛ لأجل طول المقام ، ويقينهم بالحساب ، وما سيُجري الله – عز وجل – عليهم .
الحلية لأبي نعيم عن / شداد بن أوس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: قالَ الله تَعَالَى: وَعِزَّتِي وَجَلاَلِي لاَ أَجْمَعُ لِعَبْدِي أَمْنَيْنِ وَلاَ خَوْفَيْنِ إِنْ هُوَ أَمِنَنِي فِي الدُّنْيَا أَخَفْتُهُ يَوْمَ أَجْمَعُ عِبَادِي وَإِنْ هو خافني في الدنيا أمنته يوم أجمع عبادي
( حسّنه الألباني رحمه الله في صحيح الجامع)
2 – فإذا طال المُقام رَفَعَ الله – عز وجل – لنبيه صلى الله عليه وسلم أولاً حوضه المورود ، فيكون حوض النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في عرصات القيامة ، إذا اشتد قيامهم لرب العالمين ، في يوم كان مقداره خمسين ألف سنة .
فمن مات على سنّته ، غير مًغَيِّرٍ ولا مُحْدِثٍ ولا مُبَدِّلْ : وَرَدَ عليه الحوض ، وسُقِيَ منه ، فيكونُ أول الأمان له أن يكون مَسْقِيَاً من حوض نبينا صلى الله عليه وسلم ، ثم بعدها يُرْفَعُ لكل نبي حوضه ، فيُسْقَى منه صالح أمته .
3 – ثم يقوم الناس مُقاماً طويلاً ، ثم تكون الشفاعة العظمى – شفاعة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم- بأن يُعَجِّلَ الله – عز وجل – حساب الخلائق ، في الحديث الطويل المعروف : أنهم يسألونها آدم ثم نوحاً ثم إبراهيم ، إلى آخره ، فيأتون إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ويقولون له : يا محمد ، ويصِفُونَ له الحال ، وأن يقي الناس الشدة بسرعة الحساب ، فيقول صلى الله عليه وسلم بعد طلبهم اشفع لنا عند ربك ، يقول ( أنا لها ، أنا لها ) ، فيأتي عند العرش ، فيخر فيحمد الله – عز وجل – بمحامد يفتحها الله – عز وجل – عليه، ثم يقال : يا محمد ارفع رأسك ، وسل تُعْطَ واشْفَعْ تُشَفَّعْ ، فتكون شفاعته العظمى في تعجيل الحساب .
4 – بعد ذلك يكون العرض – عرض الأعمال – .
5 – ثم بعد العرض يكون الحساب .
6 – وبعد الحساب الأول تتطاير الصحف ، والحساب الأول من ضمن العرض ؛ لأنه فيه جدال ومعاذير ، ثُمَّ بعد ذلك تتطاير الصحف ، ويُؤْتَى أهل اليمين كتابهم باليمين ، وأهل الشمال كتابهم بشمالهم ، فيكون قراءة الكتاب .
7 – ثم بعد قراءة الكتاب : يكون هناك حساب أيضاً لقطع المعذرة ، وقيام الحجة بقراءة ما في الكتب .
8 – ثم بعدها يكون الميزان ، فتوزن الأشياء التي ذكرنا .

9 – ثم بعد الميزان ينقسم الناس إلى طوائف وأزواج ؛ أزواج بمعنى كل شكل إلى شكله ، وتُقَامْ الألوية -ألوية الأنبياء- لواء محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ، ولواء إبراهيم ، ولواء موسى إلى آخره ، ويتنوع الناس تحت اللواء بحسب أصنافهم ، كل شَكْلٍ إلى شكله .
والظالمون والكفرة أيضاً : يُحْشَرُونَ أزواجاً ، يعني متشابهين كما قال : ( احْشُرُوا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا وَأَزْوَاجَهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ * مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ ) الصافات/22-23 ؛ يعني بأزواجهم : أشكالهم ونُظَرَاءَهُمْ ، فيُحْشَرْ علماء المشركين مع علماء المشركين ، ويُحْشَرْ الظلمة مع الظلمة ، ويُحْشَرْ منكرو البعث مع منكري البعث ، وهكذا .
10 – ثُمَّ بعد هذا يَضْرِبُ الله – عز وجل – الظُّلمة قبل جهنم والعياذ بالله ، فيسير الناس بما يُعْطَونَ من الأنوار ، فتسير هذه الأمة وفيهم المنافقون ، ثُمَّ إذا ساروا على أنوارهم ضُرِبَ السُّور المعروف

( فَضُرِبَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِسُورٍ لَهُ بَابٌ بَاطِنُهُ فِيهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَظَاهِرُهُ مِنْ قِبَلِهِ الْعَذَابُ * يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُنْ مَعَكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَى ) الحديد/13-14. الآيات ؛ فيُعْطِيْ الله – عز وجل – المؤمنين النور ، فيُبْصِرُون طريق الصراط ، وأما المنافقون فلا يُعْطَون النور ، بل يكونون مع الكافرين يتهافتون في النار ، يمشون وأمامهم جهنم والعياذ بالله .
11 – ثم يأتي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أولاً ويكون على الصراط ، ويسأل الله – عز وجل – له ولأمته فيقول : ( اللهم سلّم سلم ، اللهم سلّم سلم ) ؛ فَيَمُرْ صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وتَمُرُّ أمته على الصراط ، كُلٌ يمر بقدر عمله ، ومعه نور أيضاً بقدر عمله ، فيمضي مَنْ غَفَرَ الله – عز وجل – له، ويسقط في النار ، في طبقة الموحّدين ، من شاء الله – عز وجل – أن يُعَذبه .
ثم إذا انتهوا من النار : اجتمعوا في عَرَصَات الجنة ، يعني في السّاحات التي أعدها الله – عز وجل – لأن يقْتَصَّ أهل الإيمان بعضهم من بعض ، ويُنْفَى الغل حتى يدخلوا الجنة وليس في قلوبهم غل .
12 – فيدخل الجنة أول الأمر ، بعد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : فقراء المهاجرين ، فقراء الأنصار ، ثم فقراء الأمة ، ويُؤَخَّر الأغنياء لأجل الحساب الذي بينهم وبين الخلق ، ولأجل محاسبتهم على ذلك ” .
“شرح الطحاوية” (ص 542) بترقيم الشاملة / للشيخ صالح آل الشيخ ، بتصرف يسير.

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