Day 4 – Tranquil in the movements of the prayer

Bitesize Day no. No.4  Ramadan 1441

Tranquil in the movements of the prayer

Compiled and Translated

By

Abbas Abu Yahya


English Audio:

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‘The Prophet-SallAllaahu alayhi wa Salam would be tranquil in the movements of the4.1 tranquil card 1441 prayer so much so that every bone would return to its place after every movement.’

[Collected by Abu Dawood, Bayhaqi & Authenticated by Al-Albaani in Asal Sifat as-Salah 3/808]

From Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah-SallAllaahu alayhi wa Salam entered the Masjid and a man entered and prayed, then came and gave Salam to the Prophet -SallAllaahu alayhi wa Salam,  the Prophet returned the Salam and said:

ارْجِعْ فَصَلِّ ؛ فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ

‘Go back and pray again, indeed you have not prayed.’

So he went back and prayed as he had prayed before, then he came and gave Salam to the Prophet-SallAllaahu alayhi wa Salam and the Prophet said

” ارْجِعْ فَصَلِّ ؛ فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ “. – ثَلَاثًا – فَقَالَ :

‘Go back and pray again, indeed you have not prayed.’

This occurred three times, then the man said:

‘I swear by Him Who sent you with the truth, I do not pray better than this so teach me.’

The Prophet said:

إِذَا قُمْتَ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَكَبِّرْ، ثُمَّ اقْرَأْ مَا تَيَسَّرَ مَعَكَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ، ثُمَّ ارْكَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ رَاكِعًا،
ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَعْتَدِلَ قَائِمًا، ثُمَّ اسْجُدْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ سَاجِدًا، ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ جَالِسًا، وَافْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فِي صَلَاتِكَ كُلِّهَا “.

‘When you stand to pray then say ‘Allaahu Akbar’, then read from the Qur’aan what you know is easy for you, after that perform Ruku and be tranquil in the Ruku, then rise up from Ruku until you are standing straight, next perform Sajda until you are tranquil in the Sajda, then rise up from Sajda until you are tranquil whilst sitting, and do this in all your prayer.’

[Collected by Bukhari and Muslim]

Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen -Rahimahullaah- said:

‘Whoever does this, – meaning is not in a calm state -then his prayer is invalid; because he has left off a pillar from the pillars of prayer………the deficiencies which the Muslims bring regarding this pillar: standing straight after the Ruku, also, this pillar of being in a calm state, which takes place between the two Sajdas, as Shaykh ul Islaam says:

‘Indeed this was from some of the leaders of Bani Ummayyah, they would not lengthen these two pillars [standing straight after the Ruku & sitting between the two Sajdas], the people are upon the religion of their leaders, people acquired from them the shortening of these two pillars. So many people thought, that this was the Sunnah, the Sunnah had died so much so that making it apparent was regarded as evil, or close to evil.

This was to the extent that if a person lengthened these two pillars, someone may presume that the person had forgotten to continue the prayer or had committed a mistake.’

[Sharh al-Mumtay ala Zaad al-Mustaqna]

An issue concerning this pillar of having tranquillity in the prayer:
What is the ruling of making up of the past prayers due to having ignorance of the pillar of being tranquil and calm in the prayer?

The Answer
Shaykh ul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah says:

‘So we have the one who prayed badly, he was ignorant. If the obligation of being tranquil and calm is known during within the time of the prayer then being tranquil and calm becomes obligatory upon him at that time, and it was not obligatory upon him before that time.’

[Majmoo al-Fatawa 22/44]


ارْكَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ رَاكِعًا

( كان صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يطمئن حتى يرجع كل عظم إلى موضعه)

{ [أخرجه] أبو داود، والبيهقي. بسندٍ صحيح} . أصل صفة صلاة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم 3/808 صححه الألباني

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَدَخَلَ رَجُلٌ فَصَلَّى، فَسَلَّمَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَرَدَّ وَقَالَ : ” ارْجِعْ فَصَلِّ ؛ فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ “. فَرَجَعَ يُصَلِّي كَمَا صَلَّى، ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَقَالَ : ” ارْجِعْ فَصَلِّ ؛ فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ “. – ثَلَاثًا – فَقَالَ : وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ، مَا أُحْسِنُ غَيْرَهُ فَعَلِّمْنِي، فَقَالَ : ” إِذَا قُمْتَ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَكَبِّرْ، ثُمَّ اقْرَأْ مَا تَيَسَّرَ مَعَكَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ، ثُمَّ ارْكَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ رَاكِعًا، ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَعْتَدِلَ قَائِمًا، ثُمَّ اسْجُدْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ سَاجِدًا، ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ جَالِسًا، وَافْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فِي صَلَاتِكَ كُلِّهَا “.

يقول الشيخ ابن عثيمين – رحمه الله -:
“فالذي يفعل هذا؛ أي: لا يطمئنُّ بعد الرُّكوع – صلاتُه باطلة؛ لأنَّه ترك رُكنًا مِن أركان الصَّلاةِ”، إلى أن قال: “والآفةُ التي جاءت المسلمين في هذا الرُّكن: القيام بعد الرُّكوعِ،
وفي الرُّكنِ الذي بين السجدتين كما يقول شيخ الإِسلام:
إنَّ هذا من بعضِ أمراء بني أميَّة، فإنهم كانوا لا يطيلون هذين الرُّكنين، والنَّاسُ على دين ملوكهم، فتلقَّى النَّاسُ عنهم التَّخفيفَ في هذين الرُّكنين، فظنَّ كثيرٌ من النَّاسِ أنَّ ذلك هو السُّنَّة، فماتت السُّنَّةُ حتى صار إظهارُها من المنكر، أو يكاد يكون منكرًا، حتى إنَّ الإِنسان إذا أطال فيهما ظَنَّ الظَّانُّ أنه قد نسيَ أو وَهِمَ”؛
الشرح الممتع على زاد المستقنع.

 مسائل فقهية متعلقة بركن الاطمئنان:
مسألة: ما حكم قضاء ما مضى من الصلواتِ بسبب الجهل بركن الطمأنينة؟
الجواب: يقول الإمامُ ابن تيمية:
“فهذا المسيء الجاهل إذا علم بوجوبِ الطمأنينة في أثناءِ الوقت فوجبتْ عليه الطمأنينةُ حينئذٍ، ولم تجب عليه قبل ذلك، فلهذا أمره بالطمأنينة في صلاة ذلك الوقت دون ما قبلها”؛
مجموع الفتاوى (22/44).

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