Eid Day 1440

No. 30 Bitesize Ramadan

Seeking forgiveness for believing men and believing women

Translated

by

Abbas Abu Yahya


English Audio:

PDF Download: No. 30.1 – Bitesize Ramadan 1440


From Ubadah bin as-Samitt –Radhi Allaahu anhu– who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- saying:

«مَنِ اسْتَغْفَرَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ حَسَنَةً»

‘Whoever sought forgiveness for believing men and believing women, Allaah writes a good deed for him for every believing man and woman.’

[Collected by Tabrani and Albaani declared it to be Hasan in Saheeh al-Jamia no. 6026]

Seeking forgiveness for believing men and believing women is from the Dua of the Noble Prophets and Messengers.

Prophet Nuh’s -alayhi as-Salam- Dua:

( رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ) نوح/28

《My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. 》 [Nuh: 28]

Prophet Ibraheem’s -alayhi as-Salam- Dua:

( رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ ) إبراهيم/41

《Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established.》 [Ibraheem: 41]

Prophet Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was ordered with Tawheed and seeking forgiveness for the believers:

(فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنْبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ) محمد/19

《So know that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. 》 [Muhammad: 19]

Making Dua for the Muslims who preceded

( وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلًّا لِلَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ ) الحشر/10

《And those who came after them say: “Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.》 [Hashr: 10]

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

‘Everyone is a participant in having a need, rather a necessity for the forgiveness of Allaah, His pardon and His Mercy. So just as a Muslim loves that his Muslim brother seeks forgiveness for him, likewise, it is necessary that he also seeks forgiveness for his Muslim brother, so he becomes like his travelling companion.

O my Lord forgive me, my parents, the male Muslims, the female Muslims, the male believers and the female believers.

Some of the Salaf used to recommend for a person to be continuous upon this Dua daily seventy times, so he takes it as a regular Dua and does not leave it.

I heard our Shaykh – Ibn Taymeeyah – mention this, and he mentioned a great excellence which I did not memorise, perhaps it was from his general regular Dua which he did not leave off.  I heard him saying: that it is permissible to say it during the sitting between the two Sajdas. Therefore, if a worshipper of Allaah sees that his Muslim brothers have been afflicted with what he has been afflicted with, that they are in need of what he is in need of, then he cannot be prevented from aiding them, except due to his excessive ignorance of the forgiveness of Allaah and His virtue, and the reality of this person is that he is also not aided, since verily rewards are dependent on their actions.’

[Miftah Dar as-Sa’ada 1/298-299]

In the Janaza Prayer

From Abu Hurairah -RadhiAllaahu anhu- that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- he would say when praying a Janazah prayer,

“اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِحَيِّنَا وَميِّتِنَا ، وَشَاهِدِنَا وَغَائِبِنَا، وَصَغِيرِنَا وَكَبِيرِنَا وَذَكَرنَا وَأُنْثَانَا، اللَّهُمَّ مَنْ أَحْيَيتَهُ مِنَّا فَأَحْيِه عَلَى الإِسْلامِ، وَمَنْ تَوَفَّيتَهُ مِنَّا فَتَوَفِّهُ علَى الإِيِمانِ، اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَحْرِمْنَا أجْرَهُ، وَلَا تُضِلَّنَا بَعْدَهُ”.

‘O Allaah forgive our living and our dead, our present ones and absent ones, our young and senior, our males and females. O Allaah, those whom You have kept alive, keep them alive upon Islaam and those whom You have caused to die let them die upon Eemaan. O Allaah, do not prohibit us from his reward nor let us be misguided after him.’

[Collected by Ibn Majah, al-Bayhaqi, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi and authenticated by al-Hakim, Dhahabi agreed with him and Al-Albaani said it is as they said it is. Ahkam al-Janaiz p.124]

Making Dua in Someone’s Absence

From Umm Darda who said: ‘My husband informed me that he heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – saying:

دعوة المرء المسلم لأخيه بظهر الغيب مستجابة، عند رأسه ملك موكل كلما دعا لأخيه بخير، قال الملك الموكل به: آمين ولك بمثل

‘If a Muslim makes Dua’ for his brother in his absence then it is answered. There is an Angel near his head who has been deputed that every time a Muslim makes Dua for his brother for goodness, the deputised Angel says: ‘Ameen, and the same for you.’

[Collected by Muslim & Abu Dawood in ‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’ No. 3131]


رقم 30 – فائدة رمضانية 1440هـ

استغفر للمؤمنين و للمؤمنات

عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – يَقُولُ: «مَنِ اسْتَغْفَرَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ حَسَنَةً»

رَوَاهُ الطَّبَرَانِيُّ
الاستغفار للمؤمنين والمؤمنات من دعاء الرسل والأنبياء الكرام ، فقد دعا به نوح عليه السلام :
( رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ) نوح/28
ودعا به إبراهيم – عليه السلام – قائلاً: ﴿ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ ﴾ [إبراهيم: 41]،
وَلِهَذَا كَانَ الدِّينُ مَجْمُوعًا فِي التَّوْحِيدِ وَالِاسْتِغْفَارِ قَالَ تَعَالَى : { فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنْبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ } . [محمد: 19].
الدعاء الدائب لملائكة الرحمن الحاملة لعرشه والمقربين حوله، كما قال تعالى: ﴿ الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ ﴾ [غافر: 7].
يقول ابن القيم في “مفتاح دار السعادة” (1/298-299) :

” والجميعُ مشتركون في الحاجة بل في الضرورة إلى مغفرةِ الله وعفوِه ورحمتِه ، فكما يُحبُّ – أي المسلم – أن يَستغفرَ له أخوه المسلمُ ، كذلك هو أيضاً ينبغي أن يستغفرَ لأخيه المسلم ، فيصير هِجِّيراه : ربِّ اغفر لي ولوالديَّ وللمسلمين والمسلمات وللمؤمنين والمؤمنات ، وقد كان بعضُ السلف يستحبُّ لكلِّ أحدٍ أن يُداوم على هذا الدعاء كلَّ يوم سبعين مرَّة ، فيجعل له منه وِرداً لا يُخلُّ به

وسمعتُ شيخَنا – أي ابن تيمية – يذكرُه ، وذكر فيه فضلاً عظيماً لا أحفظه ، وربَّما كان مِن جملة أوراده التي لا يُخلُّ بها ، وسمعتُه يقول : إنَّ جعلَه بين السجدتين جائزٌ ، فإذا شهدَ العبدُ أنَّ إخوانه مصابون بمثل ما أُصيب به ، محتاجون إلى ما هو محتاجٌ إليه لَم يمتنع من مساعدتهم إلاَّ لفرطِ جهله بمغفرة الله وفضلِه ، وحقيقٌ بهذا أن لا يُساعَد ، فإنَّ الجزاءَ من جنس العمل ” انتهى

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه.

أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ” كان إذا صلى على جنازة يقول:

اللهم اغفر لحينا وميتنا، وشاهدنا وغائبنا، وصغيرنا وكبيرنا، وذكرنا وأنثانا، اللهم من أحييته منا فأحيه على الاسلام، ومن توفيته منا فتوفه على الايمان، اللهم لا تحرمنا أجره، ولا تضلنا بعده “.

أخرجه ابن ماجه (1 / 456) والبيهقي وأبو داود (2 / 68) والترمذي (2 / 141) وابن حبان في صحيحه (757 – موارد) والحاكم (1 / 358) والبيهقي أيضا وأحمد

الكتاب: أحكام الجنائز ص124

المؤلف: أبو عبد الرحمن محمد ناصر الدين الألباني (المتوفى: 1420هـ)

يقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ” دعوة المرء المسلم لأخيه بظهر الغيب مستجابة، عند رأسه ملك موكل كلما دعا لأخيه بخير، قال الملك الموكل به: آمين ولك بمثل ” رواه مسلم؛

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ ،
وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ، الأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَالأَمْوَاتِ
O Allaah forgive Muslim men and Muslim women, believing men and believing women, those alive from them and the dead.

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وبَحَمْدكَ أشْهدُ أنْ لا إلهَ إلا أنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وأتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace

and blessings be upon our final

Prophet Muhammad, his

family, his companions

and all those who

follow his

guidance.

 

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