Day 14 – Guidance and piety, chastity and contentment

No. 14 Bite size Ramadan 1440-2019

Guidance and piety, chastity and contentment

الهُدى والتُّقى والعَفافَ والغِنى

Translated

by

Abbas Abu Yahya


English Audio:

PDF Download: No. 14 Bite size Ramadan 1440-2019


From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to supplicate and say:

« اللهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ الهُدى والتُّقى، والعَفافَ والغِنى »

‘O Allaah I ask of You guidance and piety, chastity and contentment.’

[Collected by Imam Muslim]

Allaahumma Inni Asalooka al Huda wal Tuqaa wal Afafa wal Ghina

Imam Sa’adi Rahimahullaah said:

‘This Dua: ‘O Allaah I ask of You guidance and piety’ is from the most comprehensive and beneficial Dua. It includes asking for the best of the Deen and the best of the Duniya.

Indeed ‘guidance’ is beneficial knowledge.

‘Piety’ is doing righteous actions and leaving off what Allaah prohibited and what the Messenger prohibited on His behalf.

By these two matters the Deen is rectified, since the Deen is beneficial knowledge and truthful information and that is guidance. As for undertaking obedience to Allaah and His Messenger then that is Taqwaa.

As for the words《Chastity and contentment》the meaning here for chastity includes not being in need of the creation and not attaching the heart to the creation.

Being content with Allaah, with what He provides, and being satisfied with the provision, achieving that with which the heart becomes content and sufficient, then with this happiness in the Duniya becomes complete, relaxation of the heart and that is a good and delightful life.

Therefore, whoever is provided with guidance, piety, chastity and contentment then he acquires the two delights and happiness. He acquires all that he desires and is saved from every fear and phobia and Allaah knows best.’

[Bahjatul  Qaloob al-Abraar 185]

<<Chastity>>

Shaykh Uthaymeen -Rahimahullaah- said:

As for <<Chastity>> then it is being free from that which is not permissible, being fortified from the cravings of the Duniya, so al-Ifafa (Chastity) with all its types means being chaste from all types of Zina (evil sexual sins): the Zina of sight, Zina of touching, Zina of listening and Zina of the private parts.’

[Sharh Riyadh as-Saliheen 4/58]

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim -Rahimahullaah- said:

‘The chaste person has sweetness on their face, have kindness and friendliness in their heart, whoever sits with them finds them to be friendly. As for the one who commits Zina then his face is overwhelmed with gloom and strangeness, whoever sits with him finds him to be peculiar and feels strangeness from him.’

[Rowdat al-Muhibbeen 1/361]


رقم 14  – لقمة رمضانية 1440هـ

الهُدى والتُّقى والعَفافَ والغِنى

عَن عَبدِ اللّٰهِ بنِ مَسْعُودٍ:

أنَّ النَّبيَّ صلَّى اللّٰهُ عليهِ وسَلَّم كانَ يَدْعُو، فَيَقولُ:

« اللهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ الهُدى والتُّقى، والعَفافَ والغِنى »

رَواهُ مُسلِم  ٢٧٢١

قَالَ الإمامُ السعْدِيُّ -رَحِمَهُ اللّٰه-:

” هذا الدُّعاء « اللهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ الهُدى والتُّقى » مِن أَجْمَع الأدْعِيةِ وأنْفَعها. وهو يَتَضَمَّنُ سُؤالَ خَيرَ الدِّينِ وخَيرَ الدُّنيا،

▣  فإنَّ “الهُدى” هو العِلْمُ النَّافِع.

▣  و “التُّقى” العَمَلُ الصَّالح، وتَرك ما نَهى اللّٰهُ ورَسُولُه عنه.

▫ وبِذلك يَصُلُح الدِّينُ، فإنَّ الدِّينَ عُلومٌ نافِعة، ومَعارِفُ صادِقة، فهي الهُدى، وقيام بِطاعَةِ اللّٰهِ ورَسُولِهِ، فهو التُّقى.

▣  و « العَفاف والغِنى » يَتَضَمَّنُ العفافَ عن الخَلقِ، وعَدمِ تَعْلِيقِ القَلبِ بِهِم. والغِنى باللّٰهِ وبِرِزْقِه، والقَناعة بما فِيه، وحُصُول ما يَطْمَئنُّ به القَلبُ وكِفاية.

▫  وبِذلك تَتِمُّ سَعادَة الدُّنيا، والرَّاحَة القَلبِيَّة، وهِي الحَياةُ الطَّيِّبة.

☜  فَمَنْ رُزِقَ الهُدى والتُّقى، والعَفافَ والغِنى، نَالَ السَّعادَتَين، وحَصَلَ لهُ كُل مَطْلُوب، ونَجَى مِن كُلِّ مَرْهُوب. واللّٰهُ أعْلم “

[ بَهْجَةُ قُلُوبِ الأبْرَار ( ١٨٥ ) ].

قوله: (العفاف):هو التنزُّه عما لا يُباح, والصيانة عن مطامع الدنيا، فيشمل العفاف بكل أنواعه ((العفاف عن الزنا كله بأنواعه: زنى النظر، وزنى اللمس، وزنى الاستماع، وزنى الفرج))([3])

] شرح رياض الصالحين للعلامة ابن عثيمين رحمه الله، [4/ 58.

قال الإمام ابن القيم رحمه الله تعالى :

” العفيف على وجهه حلاوة وفي قلبه أنس ومن جالسه استأنس به ، والزاني تعلو وجهه الوحشة ومن جالسه استوحش به ومنه ”  .

【 روضة المحبيبن (٣٦١/١.

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