Day 1 : Asking for the Duniya and the Hereafter

No. 1 Bite size Ramadan 1440-2019

Asking for the Duniya and the Hereafter

Translated

by

Abbas Abu Yahya


English Audio

PDF Download No 1 Bite size 1440


From Anas who said that the Prophet ﷺ would say this Dua’ a lot:

” اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا، آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً، وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ “.

‘O Allaah our Lord give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.’

‘Allaahumma Rabbanaa aatina

fid-Dunyaa hasanah wa fil aakhira(ti) hasanah wa qinaa adhaab an-Naar’

[Collected in al-Adab Al-Mufrad and Albaani said its Isnaad is Saheeh. No. 682]

In another narration:

From Anas that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam visited a man from the Muslims who had become weak and fragile like a small bird.

So the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to him:

” هَلْ كُنْتَ تَدْعُو بِشَيْءٍ، أَوْ تَسْأَلُهُ إِيَّاهُ ؟ “

‘Did you used to make Dua with a matter or ask Allaah for something? ‘

He said : ‘Yes, I used to say: O Allaah, that with which you will punish me with in the Hereafter hasten it for me in this worldly life.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

” سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ لَا تُطِيقُهُ – أَوْ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُهُ – أَفَلَا قُلْتَ :  اللَّهُمَّ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

‘Subhana Allaah, you cannot bear it – or you cannot handle it – had you said:

اللَّهُمَّ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً

وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار

‘O Allaah our Lord give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.’

Anas said: ‘The Prophet supplicated for the man and he was cured.’

[Collected by Muslim]

Imam Nawawi said:

Regarding: ‘visited a man from the Muslims who had become weak and fragile like a small bird.’ Means; due to being weak.

In this hadeeth there is a prohibition against supplicating with the haste of a punishment.

In this hadeeth there is an excellence of making Dua with:

اللَّهُمَّ ، آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً، وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ “.

‘O Allaah give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.’

In this hadeeth there is a permissibility of being amazed and saying ‘Subhana Allaah’ (far is Allaah from any imperfection.)

In this hadeeth there is a recommendation of visiting the sick and making Dua for them.

In this hadeeth there is a dislike of hoping for trials and tribulations, so that he does not become grieved and worried, and cause him to have wrath upon him and perhaps he begins doubting in Islaam.

The clearest of statements about the Tafseer of ‘the good in this Duniya’ is that it is worship and goodness. As for in the Hereafter it is Paradise and forgiveness.

It has been said that ‘the good in’ is general for the Duniya and Hereafter.’

[Al-Minhaaj Sharh Saheeh Muslim bin al-Hajjaj]

The great scholar Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthaymeen -Rahimuhullaah said:

‘From the most comprehensive of what you can supplicate with is what is mentioned in the hadeeth of Anas -RadhiAllaahu anhu- that the Prophet   ﷺ would say this a lot in his Dua’:

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار

‘O our Lord give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.’

‘Rabbanaa aatina fid-Dunyaa hasanah wa fil aakhira(ti) hasanah

wa qinaa adhaab an-Naar’

Since indeed this Dua’ is the most comprehensive of all Dua’.

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً

‘O our Lord give us goodness in this world ‘

This includes all the goodness of the Duniya:

  • from having a righteous wife
  • comfortable transport
  • tranquil home
  • as well as other matters.

وَفِي الآخِرَةِ  حَسَنَةً

‘goodness in the Hereafter’

This includes all the goodness of the Hereafter:

  • from an easy reckoning
  • Being given your record of deeds in the right hand
  • easily passing over the Siraat (bridge)
  • drinking from the lake of the Messenger ﷺ
  • entry into Paradise
  • as well as other matters from the goodness of the Hereafter.

So this Dua is from the most comprehensive of supplications rather it is the most comprehensive because it is inclusive and complete.’

[Sharh Riyadh as-Saliheen 6/16]


Miraath TV


رقم 1 – فائدة رمضانية 1440هـ

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً

عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ : كَانَ أَكْثَرُ دُعَاءِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :

 ” اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً، وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ “.

الأدب المفرد قال الألباني : صـحـيـح سند الحديث : 682

عَنْ أَنَسٍ ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَادَ رَجُلًا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ قَدْ خَفَتَ ، فَصَارَ مِثْلَ الْفَرْخِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ” هَلْ كُنْتَ تَدْعُو بِشَيْءٍ، أَوْ تَسْأَلُهُ إِيَّاهُ ؟ ” قَالَ : نَعَمْ، كُنْتُ أَقُولُ : اللَّهُمَّ، مَا كُنْتَ مُعَاقِبِي بِهِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ، فَعَجِّلْهُ لِي فِي الدُّنْيَا. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ” سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ لَا تُطِيقُهُ – أَوْ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُهُ – أَفَلَا قُلْتَ : اللَّهُمَّ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ “. قَالَ : فَدَعَا اللَّهَ لَهُ فَشَفَاهُ.

 قال إمام النووي رحمه الله:

‏قوله : ( عاد رجلا من المسلمين قد خفت مثل الفرخ ) ‏أي : ضعف ، وفي هذا الحديث النهي عن الدعاء بتعجيل العقوبة ، وفيه : فضل الدعاء بـ ” اللهم آتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار ” ، وفيه : جواز التعجب بقول : سبحان الله ، وقد سبقت نظائره ، وفيه : استحباب عيادة المريض والدعاء له . وفيه : كراهة تمني البلاء ; لئلا يتضجر منه ويسخطه ، وربما شكا ، وأظهر الأقوال في تفسير الحسنة في الدنيا أنها العبادة والعافية ، وفي الآخرة الجنة والمغفرة ، وقيل : الحسنة تعم الدنيا والآخرة .

[المنهاج شرح صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج]

قال الشيخ إبن عثيمين رحمه الله:

ومِن أجمع ما يكون من الدعاء ما ذكره في حديث أنس رضي الله عنه أن النبي ﷺ كان يُكثر أن يقول في دعائه:

 (ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار ) ..

فإن هذا الدعاء أجمع الدعاء ……. ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة)

يشمل كل حسنات الدنيا :

▫ من زوجة صالحة

▫ ومركب مريح

▫ وسكن مطمئن

▫ وغير ذلك

 (وفي الآخرة حسنة)

كذلك يشمل حسنة الآخرة كلها :

▫من الحساب اليسير

▫وإعطاء الكتاب باليمين

▫والمرور على الصراط بسهولة

▫والشرب من حوض الرسول ﷺ

▫ودخول الجنة

▫إلى غير ذلك من حسنات الآخرة

 فهذا الدعاء من أجمع الأدعية بل هو أجمعها لأنه شامل .

 [شرح رياض الصالحين  : 16/6]

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