PART TEN – Upon Entering & Exiting the Masjid – PRINCIPLES AND BENEFITS OF SENDING SALAT AND SALAM ON THE PROPHET

 

Principles & Benefits

of

Sending Salat and Salam on the Prophet

<< Indeed Allaah and His Angels send Salat on the Prophet. O you who believe, Send Salat upon him, and send complete Salam upon him.>>

 

Part Ten

Upon Entering & Exiting the Masjid

 

Translated & Compiled

By

Abbas Abu Yahya

 


A series on issues regarding sending the Salat and the Salam upon the Prophet.


 

Part Ten

Upon Entering & Exiting the Masjid

 

Upon Entering & Exiting the Masjid[1]

1 – From Fatima the daughter of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamwho said:

‘When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamentered a Masjid he used to say:

«بِسْمِ اللَّهِ، وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ»

‘Bismillah wa Salam ala Rasool illah, Allahumma iftaah lee Abwaab Rahmatika’

In the name of Allaah and may praise and Salam be upon the Messenger of Allaah, O Allaah open the doors of Your Mercy for me.’[2]

  1. From Fatima bin al-Hussain from Fatima the daughter of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamwho said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamsaid to me if you enter a Masjid then say:

بسم الله و السلام على رسول الله اللهم صل على محمد اغفر لنا وسهل لنا أبواب رحمتك

‘Bismillah wa Salaam ala Rasool illaah, Allahahumma Salli ala Muhammad, wa ala aalee Muhammad wa Ighfirlana wa Sahal lana Abwaab Rahmatika’

‘In the name of Allaah and may Salam be upon the Messenger of Allaah, O Allah send praise upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and make easy for us the doors to Your Mercy.’

And when you leave the Masjid say the same thing except you add:

وسهل لي أبواب فضلك

‘wa Sahhal lana Abwaab Fadlika’

‘Make easy for us the doors to your virtues.’[3]

Shakyh Albaani said:

‘And a person says what the Messenger -alahi as-Sallat wa Salaam- says:

‘Bismillah wa Salat wa Salam alaa Rasool illaah, Allaahumma iftah lee Abwaaba Rahmatika’

In the name of Allaah and may praise and Salam be upon the Messenger of Allaah, O Allaah open the doors of Your Mercy for me.’

This Dua’ is obligatory, due to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salam commanding us to say it when he said:

‘When one of you enters the Masjid, send Salaam upon the Prophet and then say ‘O Allaah open the doors to Your Mercy’ and if he exits he should say ‘Allahumma ajirnee (O Allaah save me) min-as-Shaytan Nirajeem.’[4]

  1. From Abu Hurairah – Radi Allaahu anhu – who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamsaid:

‘When one of you leaves a Masjid then he should send Salaam upon the Prophet and then say:

اللَّهُمَّ اعْصِمْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

‘Allaahumma ‘Asimmnee min Shaytan nirajeem’

‘O Allaah protect me from the accursed Shaytan.’[5]

  1. From Abu Humaid or Abu Usayd al-Ansari – Radi Allaahu anhu – who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamsaid:

‘When one of you leaves a Masjid then he should send Salaam upon the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamand then say:

اللَّهُمَّ أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ

‘Allaahumma inni asaluka min fadlik’

‘O Allaah I ask you of Your virtue.’[6]

Shakyh Albaani said:

‘A person begins leaving the Masjid with his left foot first, the opposite of when he enters, as this is from the Sunnah. Whilst leaving he should say:

‘Bismillah Allaahumma Salli alaa Muhammadin wa Sallim Allaahumma innee As’aluka min Fadlik’ and the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamalso used to say:

‘Allaahumma ‘Asimmnee (and in another wording: ‘Aajirnee and in another: ‘Aadhinee) min ash-Shaytan nirajeem’

All of these are obligatory to say due to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamordering it as has preceded.’[7]

 

[1] The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa Salamsaid a number of different Adhkaar for entering and exiting the Masjid

[2] [Collected by Ibn Majah, & Albaani in Sahih Ibn Majah 632, Tamaam al-mina’ 290]

 

[3] [Fadl salat ala nabi p.74]

[4] [From: ‘Thamaraat al-Mustataab’ 604 – 610]

[5] [Collected by Ibn Majah & Saheeh Ibn Majah 780]

[6] [Collected by Saheeh Abu Dawood 484]

[7] [Thamaraat al-Mustataab 628]

 

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