Seal the month of Ramadan with seeking forgiveness

اختموا شهر رمضان بالإستغفار
Seal the month of Ramadan with seeking forgiveness

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya for Miraathpubs.net

Ibn Rajab -Rahimahullaah- said:

‘Seeking forgiveness is a seal for all righteous deeds.

It seals the prayer, Hajj, Qayyam al-Layl the night prayer and it seals gatherings.

Therefore, if it was a Remembrance of Allaah then it is like putting a stamp of seal on it and if there were mistakes and deficiencies then it would be an expiation for it.

Likewise it is befitting to complete the month of Ramadan with seeking forgiveness.

Umar bin AbdulAziz wrote to the different regions commanding them to complete Ramadan with seeking forgiveness and giving Sadaqa al-Fitr.

Indeed Sadaqa al-Fitr is purification for the fasting person from mistakes and evil deeds and seeking forgiveness patches that which is torn from the fast due to mistakes and evil deeds.

This is why some of the previous scholars said: ‘Indeed Sadaqa al-Fitr for the fasting person is like performing the two Sajdas for forgetfulness for the prayer.’

Umar bin AbdulAziz (died 101 A.H.) -Rahimahullaah- said in his book, say as your father Adam said:

{رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ}
《They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”》[Ara’af:23]

Say as Nuh -alayhi as salam- said:

{وَإِلَّا تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْنِي أَكُنْ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ}
《 And unless You forgive me and have Mercy on me, I would indeed be one of the losers.”》[Hud:47]

Say as Musa -alayhi as salam- said:

{رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي}
《”My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, so forgive me.”》[Qasas: 16]

Say as Dhul-Noon -alayhi as salam – said:

{سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ}
《Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.”》[al-Anbiyya:87]

[From ‘Lataif al-Ma’arif’ p.383]

📗لطائف المعارف(ص383).

اختموا شهر رمضان
بالإستغفار

قال ابن رجب رحمه الله:

والإستغفار ختام الأعمال الصالحة كلها فيختم به الصلاة والحج وقيام الليل ويختم به المجالس فإن كانت ذكرا كان كالطابع عليها وإن كانت لغوا كان كفارة لها فكذلك ينبغي أن تختم صيام رمضان بالاستغفار.

وكتب عمر بن عبد العزيز إلى الأمصار يأمرهم بختم رمضان بالاستغفار وصدقة الفطر فإن الفطر طهرة للصائم من اللغو والرفث والإستغفار يرقع ما تخرق من الصيام باللغو والرفث

ولهذا قال بعض العلماء المتقدمين: إن صدقة الفطر للصائم كسجدتي السهو للصلاة

وقال عمر بن عبد العزيز في كتابه قولوا كما قال أبوكم آدم:
{رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ} [لأعراف:23]

وقولوا كما قال نوح عليه السلام:
{وَإِلَّا تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْنِي أَكُنْ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ} [هود: 47]

وقولوا كما قال موسى عليه السلام:
{رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي} [القصص: 16]

وقولوا كما قال ذو النون عليه السلام:
{سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ} [الانبياء: 87] .

📗لطائف المعارف(ص383).

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