Beneficial knowledge & Righteous Actions

Beneficial knowledge & Righteous Actions

Compiled & Translated

by

Abbas Abu Yahya

Shaykh al-Muhadith Muhammad Nasir- Deen Al-Albaani (d.1420A.H) -Rahimullaah- said:

فالواجب على كل مسلم أن يعبد الله تبارك وتعالى على العلم النافع والعمل الصالح،
و يعلم أن ألعلم النافع لا يكون إلا إذا كان مستقىً ومستنبطاً من كتاب الله وسنة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، ثم ما جاءنا عن السلف الصالح ‘

‘It is obligatory upon every Muslim to worship Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – upon beneficial knowledge and righteous actions. Know that beneficial knowledge cannot be beneficial unless if it is drunk and extracted from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – then what came to us from the Salaf as-Salih.’

[al-Ajwiba al-Albaaneeyah ala Asilatul Kuwaiteeyah 1/2]

Shaykh Rabia bin Hadi Al-Madkhali said:

فعلى كل مسلم أن يزكي نفسه بالعلم النافع والعمل الصالح والأخلاقالإسلامية العالية

‘So it is upon every Muslim to purify himself with beneficial knowledge and righteous actions and superior noble Islamic mannerisms.’

[The advice of the shaykh to the Salafis in Egypt  http://www.rabee.net/ar/articles.php?cat=8&id=174 ]

Shaykh Albaani -Rahimullaah – said:

‘It is necessary that beneficial knowledge is connected with righteous actions, if one of them becomes disconnected from the other it becomes harmful.’

[Silsilah Huda wa Noor tape no. 563 at 14.10 mins]

From the Evidences

Allaah Ta’ala said:

مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ الْعِزَّةَ فَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِلَيْهِ يَصْعَدُ الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ وَالْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ يَرْفَعُهُ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ يَمْكُرُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ ۖ وَمَكْرُ أُولَٰئِكَ هُوَ يَبُورُ

<<Whosoever desires honour, power and glory then to Allah belong all honour, power and glory [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshipping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it (the goodly words i.e. the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds), but those who plot evils, theirs will be severe torment. And the plotting of such will perish.>>

[Fatir:10]

From Ibn Abbas regarding the Tafseer of this Ayaah:

” الْكَلِم الطَّيِّب ” ذِكْر اللَّه ” وَ الْعَمَل الصَّالِح ” أَدَاء فَرَائِض اللَّه , فَمَنْ ذَكَرَ اللَّه وَلَمْ يُؤَدِّ فَرَائِضه رَدَّ كَلَامه ‘

‘the goodly words’ means the remembrance of Allaah, and ‘righteous Deeds’ is carrying out the obligatory deeds which Allaah has ordered, so whoever remembered Allaah and did not carry out what Allaah had made obligatory then his speech is rejected.’

Beneficial Knowledge

Al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab -Rahimullaah – wrote in a masterpiece entitled, ‘Fadl Ilm as-Salaf ala Ilm al-Khalaf’ and after mentioning a number of Islamic sciences in summary he says:

فالعلم النافع من هذه العلوم كلها: ضبط نصوص الكتاب والسنة وفهم معانيها،
والتقيد في ذلك بالمأثور عن الصحابة والتابعين وتابعيهم، في معاني القرآن والحديث،
وفيما ورد عنهم من الكلام في مسائل الحلال والحرام، والزهد والرقائق، والمعارف وغير ذلك.

‘So, beneficial knowledge from all these types of Islamic sciences is  having precision of the texts of the Book and the Sunnah and understanding their meanings. Qualifying that with what is narrated from the Companions,  their successors and those whom succeeded them in their understanding of the meanings of the Qur’aan and the Hadeeth. That what is mentioned from them from statements regarding issues of al-Halal and Haraam, Zhud and softening of the heart, knowing Allaah and other matters as well.’

[‘Fadl Ilm as-Salaf ala Ilm al-Khalaf’]

The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said :

((اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ قَلْبٍ لاَ يَخْشَعُ، ومِنْ دُعَاءٍ لاَ يُسْمَعُ، وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ لاَ تَشْبَعُ، وَمِنْ عِلْمٍ لاَ يَنْفَعُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَؤُلاَءِ الأَرْبَعِ))
‘O Allaah indeed I seek refuge with You From a heart which does not have humility of You,  and a supplication which is not responded to, and a soul which is not satisfied, and knowledge which is not beneficial and I seek refuge with You From all these four things.’
Allaahumma Innee Aoodhu bika min Qalbin laa Yakhshaa’, wa min Duaain Laa Yussmaa’, wa min Naffssin Laa Tasshbaa’, wa min Ilmin Laa Yanfaa’, Aoodhu bika min Hahoolaa al-Arbaa’

 [Collected by Tirmidhi & authenticated by Albaani in ‘Saheeh Abi Dawood no. 1384-1385’ & ‘Saheeh al-Jama’no. 1297]

The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said :

(( اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ لاَ يَنْفَعُ))

‘O Allaah indeed I ask You for beneficial knowledge,  and I seek refuge with You From knowledge which does not benefit.’

[It was declared Hasan by Albaani in ‘Saheeh Sunnan Ibn Majah’ 2/327 with the wording:

((سلوا الله علماً نافعاً، وتعوذوا بالله من علم لا ينفع)).

‘Ask Allaah for beneficial knowledge,  and seek refuge with Allaah from knowledge which does not benefit.’]

Do you know what is beneficial knowledge?

Imam Dhahabi -Rahimullaah – said:

” تَدْرِي مَا العِلْمُ النَّافِعُ؟ هوَ ما نزلَ بهِ القُرآن، وَفَسَّرَه ُالرَّسُولُ صلّى الله عليه وآلِهِ وَسَلّم قَوْلاً وَعَمَلاً،  وَلمْ يأتِ نَهْي ٌعنْهُ، قَالَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلام: ( مَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنّتِي فليْسَ مِنِّي)  فَعَلَيْكَ ياَ أخِي بتدَبُّرِ كِتَابَ اللهِ وبإدمَانِ النَّظَرِ فِي الصَّحِيحَين وَسُنَن ِالنَّسَائِي، وَرياضِ النّوَاوِي وَأذْكَارِهِ، تُفلِحُ وَتَنْجَح، وَإِيَّاكَ وَآرَاءَ الفلاسِفَةِ وَوَظائَفَ أهلِ الرِّياضاتِ، وجُوعَ الرُّهبَانِ وخِطابَ طَيْشِ  رُؤُوسِ أصْحابِ الخَلَوَاتِ فَكلُّ الخَيْرِ في مُتابَعَةِ الحَنيفيَّة السَّمْحَة. فَواَغَوْثَاهُ باللهِ، اللَهُمّ اهْدِناَ إلىَ صِرَاطِكَ المُسْتَقِيم

‘Do you know what is beneficial knowledge? It is that with which the Qur’aan was revealed,  and explained by the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – in statement and action, and the Messenger did not come prohibiting beneficial knowledge, the Messenger – alayhi sallam – said :

‘Whoever does not desire my Sunnah is not of me.’

It is upon you O my brother to reflect over the Book of Allaah and to be addicted to looking into Saheeh al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim,  Sunnan Nisa’ee, Riyadh by Nawawi and his book about Adhkaar, so you will be prosperous and successful. Be aware of the opinions of the philosophers, and the duties of the people of mathematical riddles, and the going hungry of monks, the fickle speech of the leaders of those who isolate themselves. All goodness is in following the merciful correct Deen, so seek aid and assistance with Allaah, O Allaah guide us to Your straight path.’

[Seera Aalaam 19/430]

Tawoos bin Kaysaan -Rahimullaah – said:

من السنة أن يوقر العالم

It is from the Sunnah to respect and honour a scholar.’

[Jamia’ Bayan al-Ilm wa Fadleeyhi 1/255]

As-Siqli-Rahimullaah – said:

قال مالك : عليكم بمعرفة أهل العلم والتماس برهم وواجب عليكم ألا تمروا بقرية يبلغكم أن بها عالما واحدا إلا أتيتموه تسلمون عليه .

‘Malik said: It is upon you to get to know the people of knowledge and to attempt to be good to them. It is obligatory upon you that you do not pass by a village where it has reached you that therein  is a scholar there, except that you visited him to give salaams to him.’

[al-Jamia’ 9/347]

Imam al-Muhaddith Yahya bin Amaar as-Sijistani said:

ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ؛
1- ﻋﻠﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻮ : ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ، ﻭ

2- ﻋﻠﻢ ﻫﻮ ﻗﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻮ : ﺍﻟﻌﻈﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ، ﻭ

3- ﻋﻠﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻮ : ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ، ﻭ

4- ﻋﻠﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻫﻮ : ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ، ﻭ
5- ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻮ ﻫﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻮ : ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ . ﺍﻫـ

‘The sciences of knowledge are five:

1 – Knowledge which is the life of the Deen is the knowledge of Tawheed
2 – Knowledge which is the strength of the Deen is admonishment and Dhikr

3 – Knowledge which is a cure/ treatment of the Deen is Fiqh and
4 – Knowledge which is a sickness for the Deen is the news of what occurred between the Salaf

5 – Knowledge which is destruction for the Deen is Kalam (rhetoric & philosophy).
[Seer a’alaam 17/482]

Story Telling is not Knowledge
From Khabab – RadhiAllaahu anhu – from the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

(إن بني إسرائيل لما هلكوا قصوا)
‘ Indeed when Banu Israel where destroyed they would tell stories.’

[Saheeh al-Jama no. 2045]

Shaykh Albaani said :

أقول : ومن الممكن أن يقال :  إن سبب هلاكهم اهتمام وعاظهم بالقصص والحكايات دون الفقه والعلم النافع الذي يعرف الناس بدينهم فيحملهم ذلك على العمل الصالح لما فعلوا ذلك هلكوا  وهذا هو شأن كثير من قصاص زماننا الذين جل كلامهم في وعظهم حول الإسرائيليات والرقائق والصوفيات نسأل الله العافية

I say and it is possible to say : That the reason for their destruction is the importance and their admonishing with stories without Fiqh and beneficial knowledge which would acquaint the people with their Deen and carry them to perform righteous actions.

When they began telling stories they were destroyed and this is the matter with many of the story tellers of our time who spend most of their speech of admonitions around narrations by the Banu Israel, heart rendering stories and tales of the Soofis.

We ask Allaah for goodness.

[From ‘Silsilah Saheehah’ 4/248]

Righteous Actions

From Ibn Abbas Radi Allaahu anhuthat the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, among the sayings he relates from his Lord is:

( إن الله كتب الحسنات والسيئات ثم بيّن : فمن همّ بحسنة فلم يعملها كتبها الله عنده حسنة كاملة ، وإن همّ بها فعملها كتبها الله عنده عشر حسنات إلى سبعمئة ضعف ، وإن همّ بسيئة فلم يعملها كتبها الله عنده حسنة كاملة ، وإن همّ بها فعملها كتبها الله سيئة واحدة )

‘Allaah has written down the good deeds and the bad ones. Then He explained it [by saying that]: ‘Whoever intended to perform a good deed and did not do it, then Allaah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he had intended it and had done it, Allaah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over. But if he has intended a bad deed and has not done it, Allaah writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allaah writes it down as one bad deed.’

Collected by Bukhari and Muslim

Shaykh Albaani -Rahimullaah – said :

العمل الصالح يشترط فيه أمران اثنان ، الأمر الأول أن يكون على سنة الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ، -, والشرط الآخر وهو أن يكون العمل الصالح خالصا لوجه الله ، في قوله تبارك وتعالى :قال المفسرون في قوله عز وجل (( فمن كان يرجوا لقاء ربه فليعمل عملا صالحا )) العمل الصالح ما وافق السّنة ،(( ولا يشرك بعبادة ربه أحدا )) أي ليخلص لله عز وجل وحده ،في هذه العبارة التي وافق فيها السنة فإذا أختل أحد هذين الشرطين لا يكون العمل صالحا، الشرط الأول أن يكون العمل موافقا للسّنة فإذا لم يكن كذلك كان مردودا على صاحبه ولو
كان مخلصا فيه لربه كما قال عليه الصلاة والسلام 😦 من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد )

‘Righteous Deeds are conditional with two matters,  the first matter is that the deed is upon the Sunnah of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam the other condition is that the righteous deed is sincerely for Allaah’s Face.

In the saying of Allaah Tabaraka wa Ta’ala:

(( فمن كان يرجوا لقاء ربه فليعمل عملا صالحا ولا يشرك بعبادة ربه أحدا ))
<<So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”>> [khaf:110]

The scholars of Tafseer said about the saying of Allaah Azza wa Jal: <<So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness>> the righteous deed is that which is in agreement with the Sunnah <<and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord. >> meaning that it should be sincerely for Allaah Azza wa Jal alone.

In this statement which is conformity with the Sunnah, that if one of these two conditions is lost then it is not a righteous action.

The first condition being that the deed is in accordance with the Sunnah, if it is not so then it will be rejected back to the one who performed it, even if he was sincere in that action for his Lord as the Prophet -alayhi as-sallat wa sallam:

( من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد )
‘Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that which is not of it, then it will be rejected.’

Righteous Deeds are a Sign of Eemaan

From Abu Musa from the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

«من سرته حسنته وساءته سيئته فهو مؤمن» .

‘Whoever is pleased by his good deeds and is saddened by his evil deeds then he is a believer.’

[Narrated by Tabraani & authenticated by Albaani in ‘ Saheeh al-Jama ‘ no.6294]

Ibn Rajab – Rahimullaah – said :

“وإذا كان الإنسان تسوؤه سيئته ويعمل لأجلها عملاً صالحاً كان ذلك دليلاً على إيمانه “.

‘If a person was saddened by his bad deeds and does good deeds due to this, then this is an evidence of his Eemaan.’

[Fath al-Bari 3/28]

Shaykh ul Islam -Rahimullaah – said :

« كل من حدثته نفسه بذنب فكرهه ونفاه عن نفسه وتركه لله؛ ازداد صلاحاً وبِرًّا وتقوى »

‘Anyone who reflects upon  himself about his sins and hates them and tries to negate them from himself and leaves them for Allaah’s sake, then he increases in rectification, goodness and piety.’

[Majmoo al-Fatawa 10/767]

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وبَحَمْدكَ أشْهدُ أنْ لا إلهَ إلا أنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وأتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace

and blessings be upon our final

Prophet Muhammad, his

family, his companions

and all those who

follow his

guidance.

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